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Citations to:


The Science of Disorder: Understanding the Complexity,

Uncertainty, and Pollution in Our World


By Jack Hokikian, Ph.D.



[1]  Professor Frederick L. Kirschenmann, Director of the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture at Iowa State University, referenced The Science of Disorder in a seminar presented at ISU’s Department of Chemical Engineering on January 16, 2003. The presentation—entitled “And Then What? Attending to the Context of Our Innovations”—was published on Science & Environmental Health Networks’ Web site as an essay on the precautionary principle.


[2]  On November 21, 2004, the New York Times in its Week in Review section published a short anonymous exposé under the title “ECO-ECONOMICS UNMASKED.” It was a summary of an article that had appeared on a British Web site entitled “The dismal quackery of eco-economics” by Daniel Ben-Ami. This article attacked the precautionary principle and ecological economics. The exposé in the Times caught the eyes of Peter Montague, editor of Rachel’s Environmental and Health News of the Environmental Research Foundation. He quickly responded to both pieces of writing, invoking the Second Law of Thermodynamics—the Law of Entropy—and referencing The Science of Disorder.


[3]  On December 4, 2008, in his inaugural address, Professor Alan Fowler of the Institute of Social StudiesThe Hague, Netherlands—pointed out that we are not “immune from the inescapable and enduring force of entropy that is part and parcel of everyday human and social life,” referencing The Science of Disorder. He added: “Entropy operates as a strange attractor that cannot be ignored.”


[4]  The Science of Disorder was also cited in Ecological Economics: Principles and Applications by Herman E. Daly (University of Maryland) and Joshua Farley (University of Vermont), published by Island Press, November 1, 2003.


[5]  More recently, The Science of Disorder was quoted and referenced in Cultivating an Ecological Conscience: Essays from a Farmer Philosopher (Culture of the Land) by Frederick L. Kirschenmann, Author, (Iowa State University) and Constance L. Falk, Editor, (New Mexico State University), published by The University Press of Kentucky, April 15, 2010.